For of its height and breathtaking scenery it is one of the most visited and challenging peaks. The Tatras have many high-lying lakes, hanging valleys, and summer and winter sports resorts. They are also the smallest alpine mountains in the world. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. This trip offers the great opportunity to experience the great change of scenery from the verdant Western Tatras to the The High Tatras, with their dramatic vistas, steep peaks, sharp rocks, deep glens, and crystal lakes. A self guided winter snow walking holiday in the High Tatras. When we say High Tatras, we mean majestic peaks touching to the sky, dark turquoise mountain lakes of glacier origin, waterfalls, unique plants, rare animals like chamois (mountain goat) or marmot, exceptionally clean air and environment great for healing respiratory conditions. Hire a skilled mountain guide to lead you, otherwise it’s hardly possible (and forbidden) to get there. The highest peak in the High Tatras (and the Carpathian Mountains) is Gerlachovský štít at 2,655 meters. And let’s not forget – you can complete your day in magnificent mountains with bathing in thermal waters under the open skies in the evening. Many trees were cut down to make way for humans. By the end of the First Polish Republic, the border with the Kingdom of Hungary in the Tatras was not exactly defined. Hikers wear good technical clothes, hiking shoes are mandatory. Despite being a relatively small region, it packs a punch: valleys, waterfalls, and endless snow-capped peaks. In fact, most of the Slovak ski resorts are situated here. Climbing has been banned in the Western and Bielskie Tatras since shortly after the formation of Tatra … The only mountains of Alpine type in the whole Carpathian Mountain range are often called "the smallest alpine mountains in Europe". National Park High Tatras (Vysoke Tatry) is situated in the north of Slovakia, shared partly with Poland. The only alpine mountains in Poland with altitude 2000 m+. A luxurious 5-star hotel in the High Tatras WELCOME TO A FAIRYTALE ON THE BANK OF LAKE STRBSKE PLESO A unique combination of historic buildings that are embraced by the Tatras and considered national monuments guarantees spoiling relaxation … The highest precipitation figures are recorded on the northern slopes. Poland and its southern neighbour Slovakia are separated by the mighty Carpathian Mountains, of which the highest part are the Tatras. The Tatra Mountains occupy an area of 785 square kilometres (303 sq mi), of which about 610 square kilometres (236 sq mi) (77.7%) lie within Slovakia and about 175 square kilometres (68 sq mi) (22.3%) within Poland. Definitely very best place to hike for me. The Slovakian High Tatras mountains are in 3 main parts – The Western, Central (High) and Belianske Tatras. We have reviews of the best places to see in Tatra National Park. There are three main parts of High Tatras: They differ in their geological composition and location. Connection from Poland is a bit more complicated, with only one road connecting Zakopane and the Slovak part of the High Tatras through the border check point in … You can enjoy skiing or snowboarding in high altitudes (> 1.500m), beyond the forest treeline. The expansive area has hikes for all abilities and the views are breathtaking. The Tatras region is forming an area on the border of Slovakia and Poland. The Carpathian Mountains are the second longest mountain range in Europe, stretching from the Czech Republic, across Poland and Slovakia, and reaching Serbia, Romania, and Moldova. Which one you choose depends on your traveling style and how much time you have to spend here. Maximum thickness on the summit amounts to: Peaks are sometimes covered with snow or ice throughout the year. Tatra cottages are situated at the foot of the High Tatras, in a quiet forest environment of the Tatranska Strba cottage settlement - Lieskovec,... more Common price from 17,00 € person / night Another mention is in the 1086 document from Henry IV, wherein he referred to the Diocese of Prague with Tritri mountains. The path is marked with red signs. Extreme temperatures range from −40 °C (−40 °F) in the winter to 33 °C (91 °F) in warmer months. During the Second World War there were multiple attempts by both sides of the conflict to occupy more land, but the final treaty signed in 1958 (valid until present day) preserved the border line agreed in 1925. Due to numerous disputes over land ownership in the late 19th century, attempts were made at the delimitation of the border. [citation needed], In Slovakia, the most important tourist base is the city Vysoké Tatry, consisting of three parts: Štrbské Pleso, Starý Smokovec and Tatranská Lomnica. Gerlachovský štít (2,655 metres or 8,711 feet), the highest peak in Slovakia, Kriváň (2,495 metres or 8,186 feet), the country's symbol on 1,2 and 5 euro cents, View from Lomnický štít (2,634 metres or 8,642 feet), Skalnaté pleso Observatory (1,751 metres or 5,745 feet), In 1683, an anonymous author published a book of adventures and excursions in the Tatras. They are the highest mountain range in the Carpathian Mountains. (Slovakia)", "Official website of Polish Tatra National Park", "Tatrzański Park Narodowy na 12. miejscu w rankingu", The High Tatras - Accommodation and Tourism. The jewel of the High Tatras is Mount Kriváň (2,495 m), and its famous curved profile is an important symbol in Slovak art and culture. The term Tatra also appears as a general term in Slovak for barren or stony land, and also in Little Russia for rocks and little stones in a river. [5], Machek in 1931 favored the theory of the Polish linguist Rozwadowski with a syllabic r like in the words chrt (Czech hound), smrt (Czech death). Has stunning scenery and wildlife. This brought considerable difficulties to hikers, as it was illegal to cross the border without passing through an official border checkpoint, and for many decades there were no checkpoints for hikers anywhere on the border ridge. Machek stresses that the name has no Slavic origin and mentions Rozwadowski's theory of an Illyrian origin because of a connection with a Herzegovian highland called Tatra, thus taken from local inhabitants. On 19 November 2004, large parts of the forests in the southern Slovak part of the High Tatras were damaged by a strong wind storm. Navigating through paths, you will feel utmost respect to narrow rocky ridges falling steeply down to glacier-cut valleys. Stretching for 64.0km along the frontier between Slovakia and Poland, the High Tatras are Central Europe’s most romantic mountains. Be careful! In 1824, Zakopane region and area around Morskie Oko were purchased from the authorities of the Austrian Empire by a Hungarian Emanuel Homolacs. They rise against the southern plains of the country in a sudden bulwark of chiselled granite, soaring to snow-topped pinnacles. The nearest road border crossings were Tatranská Javorina - Łysa Polana and Podspády - Jurgów in the east, and Suchá Hora - Chocholów in the west. A large, two storey brick town house for sale on a plot sized 892 m2 in the vicinity of the High Tatra mountain range, directly in the heart of Levoča... Add to favourites Details. On 20 November 1770, under the guise of protection against the epidemic of plague in the Podolia, an Austrian army entered into Polish land and formed a cordon sanitaire, seizing Sądecczyzna, Spiš and Podhale. One of the best hotels. Tomorrow High Tatras are the smallest high altitude mountain range in Europe. The Slovak Tatra National Park (Tatranský národný park; TANAP) was founded in 1949 (738 km2, 285 sq mi), and the contiguous Polish Tatra National Park (Tatrzański Park Narodowy) in 1954 (215.56 km2, 83.23 sq mi). other than strictly bilateral ones, with its Visegrad neighbours, Slovakia, Hungary, and Poland. One of these border crossings was created in the Tatra Mountains themselves, on the summit of the Rysy peak. [citation needed], The Polish "national mountain" (featured prominently in myths and folklore) is Giewont, while the Slovak one is Kriváň. The National Park High Tatras, or Vysoke Tatry is in the north of Slovakia, sitting across the Poland-Slovakia border. Nevertheless many trails are known for there difficulty. Play full screen, enjoy Puzzle of the Day and thousands more. Precipitation occurs from 215 to 228 days a year. Vysoké Tatry Travel s.r.o. The trails starts at popular … On the other hand, the permeable border in the Tatra Mountains was also heavily used for cross-border smuggling of goods such as alcohol, tobacco, coffee, etc. Located south of Krakow the region is inhabited by Gorale – highlanders, an ethnic group of independent culture and dialect. The High Tatras are the smallest high altitude mountain range in Europe. Krivan became the symbol of the freedom of Slovaks and since 1955, traditional national walks have been devoted to the Slovak National Uprising and the local heroes. In 1889, a Polish Count Władysław Zamoyski purchased at auction the Zakopane region along with the area around Morskie Oko. It is the highest mountain range within the Carpathians. This holiday presents the pristine beauty of Poland's highlands and Krakow. Over 100 individuals have lost their lives on the route since it was first established. Koscielec. In June and July, monthly precipitation reaches around 250 mm (10 in). From Czech Republic Austria, west and east Slovakia you can use a motorway 'D1', from Hungary roads of 1 class and part of motorway 'R1'. Brożek, Anna; Chybińska, Alicja; Jadacki, Jacek; Woleński, Jan (2015). High Tatras are beautiful mountains for hiking in Slovakia and Poland. With the collapse of the Austrian Empire in 1918 and the creation of Poland and Czechoslovakia, the Tatra Mountains started to be divided by international border. Malé Rysy (Slovak); Niżnie Rysy (Polish) - 2430 m (Slovakia/Poland), Východný Mengusovský štít (Slovak); Mięguszowiecki Szczyt Czarny (Polish) - 2410 m (Slovakia/Poland), Prostredný Mengusovský štít (Slovak); Mięguszowiecki Szczyt Pośredni (Polish) - 2393 m (Slovakia/Poland), Čubrina (Slovak); Cubryna (Polish) - 2376 m (Slovakia/Poland), Hrubý vrch (Slovak); Jarząbczy Wierch (Polish) - 2137 m (Slovakia/Poland), Veľká Kamenistá (Slovak); Kamienista (Polish) - 2126 m (Slovakia/Poland), Krzesanica - 2122 m (Slovakia/Poland) - summit of Czerwone Wierchy / Red Mountains, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 04:27. The Tatras are a mountain range of a corrugated nature, originating from the Alpine orogeny, and therefore characterized by a relatively young-looking lie of the land, quite similar to the landscape of the Alps, although significantly smaller. It became very popular in Europe and contributed to the growth of tourism in the Tatras. Therefore, these mountains are a popular winter sports area, with resorts such as Poprad and the town Vysoké Tatry (The Town of High Tatras) in Slovakia created in 1999, including former separate resorts: Štrbské Pleso, Starý Smokovec, and Tatranská Lomnica or Zakopane, called also "winter capital of Poland". [3] The main ridge of the Tatras runs from the village of Huty at the western end to the village of Ždiar at the eastern end. Under two hours by car from the historic city of Krakow, visitors to Poland will find the rugged peaks of the High Tatra mountains. It is the highest mountain range within the Carpathians. The eastern High Tatras are called Roháče and the western High Tatras are called Belianské Tatras. The accommodation offers a continental or buffet breakfast. [citation needed][8]. Gerlachovsky Stit (2.655 m / 8.710 ft) is the highest of the High Tatras and of Slovakia. These towering peaks have inspired poets and writers for generations, with thrilling spires and craggy ridges, lush forests and peaceful mountain lakes. The inhabitants of the High Tatras live in the settlements situated along the “Road of Freedom“, which joins Western, High and Belianske Tatras together. The highest peak, called Gerlach, at 2,655 m (8710 ft), is located north of Poprad, entirely in Slovakia. Still another is in 1125, where the Kosmas chronicles (Chronica Boemorum) mention the name Tatri. Instantly recognisable, the crooked summit of Mount Kriváň (2495m) has become a national symbol in literature and popular culture, with some Slovaks swearing it's their national duty to climb it. The Tatras are divided into: The High Tatras (majestic peaks, turquoise glacier lakes, waterfalls) The Low Tatras (caves, waterfalls and forests) You can play table tennis at the hotel, and the area is popular for hiking and skiing. It is said that every Slovak has to climb to the top at least once in his lifetime. The Tatra Mountains, Tatras, or Tatra (Tatry either in Slovak (pronounced [ˈtatri]) or in Polish (pronounced [ˈtatrɨ]) - plurale tantum), is a mountain range that forms a natural border between Slovakia and Poland. The most notable mammals are the Tatra chamois, marmot, snow vole, brown bear, wolf, Eurasian lynx, red deer, roe deer, and wild boar. Only in 1999, more than 80 years after the dissolution of the Austrian Empire, the governments of Poland and Slovakia signed an agreement designating several unstaffed border crossings (with only irregular spot checks by border police) for hikers and cyclists on the 444 km-long Slovak-Polish border. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the mountains were used for sheep grazing and mining. Fully-updated fourth edition of this comprehensive guide to hiking and scrambling in the High Tatras mountains between Poland and Slovakia, and the White and Western Tatras ranges. Welcome to Journal Edge, My name is Vikas Acharya, and I’m a Travel Writer for Journal Edge. You can visit the High Tatras from Poland or Slovakia. Only trails from settlements up to the mountain huts are open. Get our newsletter with latest articles, cool new places and travel discounts. The Tatra Mountains have a diverse variety of plant life. In Polish, the term Tatry is firstly mentioned in 1255. Weather. Hiking paths are ranging from gentle to highly demanding. In Czech this syllabic is sometimes with vowels i, e or u for example črný – černý, so the Czech reconstruction from Tritri/Tritry would be Trtry. Moreover, pollution from the industrialized regions of Kraków in Poland or Ostrava in Czech Republic, as well as casual tourism, cause substantial damage. The High Tatra National Park in Slovakia is the largest in the nation. As it later turned out, its author was Daniel Speer, born in Wrocław, who for a time lived in the sub-Tatra region. Well, they’re actually a mountain range along the border of northern Slovakia and southern Poland. He committed suicide after he was trapped for days on a rocky ledge in one of the trails near Zakopane. Show weather report, Nový Smokovec, 062 01 Vysoké Tatry, Zámocká 769, 064 01 Stará Ľubovňa, Námestie osloboditeľov 1120/31, 040 01. [citation needed], Orla Perć is considered the most difficult and dangerous mountain trail in the entire Tatras, a suitable destination only for experienced tourists and climbers. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Tatra National Park, Poland on Tripadvisor: See 1,458 traveler reviews and photos of Tatra National Park tourist attractions. The Tatras are protected by law by the establishment of the Tatra National Park, Slovakia and the Tatra National Park, Poland, which are jointly entered in UNESCO's World Network of Biosphere Reserves. [citation needed], The most famous tourist destination in Poland is Zakopane,[citation needed] but the developed tourist base also includes Kościelisko, Poronin, Biały Dunajec, Bukowina Tatrzańska, Białka Tatrzańska, Murzasichle, Małe Ciche, Ząb, Jurgów, Brzegi. [citation needed], Most of the peaks in the Western Tatras (on both sides of the border), including the main ridge are freely accessible by hiking trails. Syllabic r often has vowels on both sides in Polish, so in case of Tarty we can reconstruct the name to Tartry, where the vowel a originated before the syllabic r which dissimilated. [citation needed]. In Poland, the trails are open year-round. The skiing season begins in the middle of December and continues through to April. Of course, rules of the national parks on both sides of the border still apply and they restrict movement to official hiking trails and (especially on the Slovak side) mandate extensive seasonal closures in order to protect wildlife. Wildlife", "The Tatra Mountains and Tatra National Park", "Europe & North America: 297 biosphere reserves in 36 countries", "Multi-scale interactions between disturbances and ecological and socioeconomical changes – case study High Tatra Mts. [11], The highest point in the Tatra Mountains that can be freely accessed by a labeled trail is Rysy. They are an important barrier to the movements of air masses. In 1992, UNESCO jointly designated the Polish and Slovak parks a transboundary biosphere reserve in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, under its Man and the Biosphere Programme. Please read the Privacy Policy and Cookies Policy. The only mountains of Alpine type in the whole Carpathian Mountain range are often called “the smallest alpine mountains in Europe”. Notable fish include the brown trout and alpine bullhead. Tatras can be proud of their heavily frequented skiing areas (alpine, downhill and cross-country). It consists of the internal mountain chains of: The overall nature of the Tatras, together with their easy accessibility, makes them a favorite with tourists and researchers. Further damage was done by a subsequent forest fire, and it will take many years until the local ecology is fully recovered. The Tatras' length, measured from the eastern foothills of the Kobylí vrch (1109 m) to the southwestern foot of Ostrý vrch (1128 m), in a straight line, is 57 km (35 mi) (or 53 km (33 mi) according to some),[2] and strictly along the main ridge, 80 km (50 mi). We flew into Krakow in Southern poland in late September, the plan was to have a day to explore the city before getting a train south to the mountain town of Zakopane and start cycling a loop of this mountain range. The endemic arthropod species include a caddis fly, spider Xysticus alpicola[10] and a springtail. GBP 640/8 days. It’s peaks form the smallest alpine mountain range in Europe offer hikes and climbs for every skill level. The highest point in Poland, Rysy, at 2,499 m (8200 ft), is located south of Zakopane, on the border with Slovakia.[1][2]. [4], The first written record of the name is from 999, when the Bohemian Duke Boleslaus II, on his deathbed, recalled when the Duchy of Bohemia extended to the Tritri montes. [citation needed] The tragic death of Polish philosopher Bronisław Bandrowski is often used by guides as a cautionary tale for tourists. Features. Entrance sign to High Tatras Nationalpark. Lomnicky Stit (2.634 m / 8.642 ft) is possibly the most visited peak, probably because of its accessibility by cable car. meters); the granitic High Tatra, which includes the tallest peaks in the range (Gerlach, at 2655 meters); and the Western Tatras, which are also limestone and up to 2200 meters in elevation. This claim also included additional parts of the Tatra Mountains. The Tatras are distinct from the Low Tatras (Slovak: Nízke Tatry), a separate Slovak mountain range further south. The High Tatras are located in the Carpathian Mountains. Krivan (2.494 m / 8.182 ft) belongs to the Western Tatras and is the most popular amongst Slovaks. Describes the network of graded, waymarked routes, suggests itineraries and gives full information on walking in the Tatras. With the Slovakian-Polish frontier running along the summits, the area embraces two national parks: Tatra National Park (Poland), occupying 82 square miles (212 square km), and Tatry National Park (Slovakia), occupying 286 square miles (741 square km). The High Tatras are the highest mountains in Slovakia and Poland. -2°C / -7°C The distribution of plants depends on altitude: The Tatra Mountains are home to many species of animals: 54 tardigrades, 22 turbellarians, 100 rotifers, 22 copepods, 162 spiders, 81 molluscs, 43 mammals, 200 birds, 7 amphibians and 2 reptiles. Two of these (Rysy and Svinica/Świnica) are located on the border with Poland and accessible from the Polish side. The High Tatras, with their 24 (or 25) peaks exceeding 2,500 m above sea level, together with the Southern Carpathians, represent the only form of alpine landscape in the entire 1,200 kilometres (746 miles) length of arc of the Carpathians. This region is known as the Tatra National Park and consists of 4 parts, namely: Belianske Tatras, High Tatras, Low Tatras and Western Tatras. Avalanches are frequent. However, there were still many other peaks and passes where hiking trails ran across the border, but where crossing remained illegal. 360 - a spherical panoramic journey in 1583 pieces, Astonishing Vintage Images of the Tatra Mountains, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tatra_Mountains&oldid=991263650, Mountain ranges of the Western Carpathians, Wikidata value to be checked for Infobox mountain, Pages using infobox mountain with multiple parameters, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, in Poland - Kasprowy Wierch: 355 cm (140 in). Maximum wind speed 288 km/h (179 mph) (6 May 1968). Temperatures also vary depending on the altitude and sun exposure of a given slope. Superb trekking and easy scrambling through wilderness Eastern Europe Straddling the border between Poland and Slovakia, the magnificent High Tatras are the highest part of the spectacular Carpathian Mountains and present a genuine wilderness setting for trekking adventures. Thunderstorms occur 36 days a year on average.[7]. At their foot lie several historical regions, among them the colourful Podhale and Spisz. The Tatras became an unoccupied borderland. There are five climatic-vegetation belts in the Tatras. In the Slovak part of the Eastern Tatras, only seven peaks (out of 48 with prominence of at least 100 m) are accessible by hiking trails (Rysy, Svinica/Świnica, Slavkovský štít, Kriváň, Kôprovský štít, Východná Vysoká, and Jahňací štít). 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