According to the Swedish Ministry of Defence, no such equipment was on board on the day of the disaster, and previous investigations by the Swedish Customs Service found no reports of any anomalous activity around the day of the disaster. When the ferry MS Herald of Free Enterprise sank in the English Channel in 1987, it was refloated and the bodies removed. [5][6] It has been reported that the Wasa King was widely considered to be the best behaving ship in rough weather to have sailed from Vaasa. Estonia departed slightly behind schedule at 19:15 on 27 September and had been expected in Stockholm the next morning at about 09:00. Instead of retrieving the bodies, the government of Sweden hired a Dutch marine salvage firm, Smit Tak BV, that specializes in neutralizing underwater nuclear waste, spending $350 million in a failed attempt to cover the ship in concrete. [JAIC 2] The commission estimated that up to 310 passengers reached the outer decks, 160 of whom boarded the life-rafts or lifeboats.[17]. [28] The Swedish and Estonian governments subsequently launched separate investigations, which both confirmed that non-explosive military equipment was aboard the ship on 14 and 20 September 1994. After the sinking, due to public pressure to investigate the sinking, a dive team investigated the site and infiltrated into sections of the ship including the upper deck, the bridge, and several lower-decks during which they found nearly 100 bodies in the course of what was a fairly, due to the extreme environment, limited survey of only a few select sections of the wreck (as it was later revealed, only months earlier the MS Estonia's … Diagram of the visor that failed. Estonia directed a call to Silja Europa and only after making contact with her did the radio operator utter the word "Mayday". The British government signed a treaty in 1995 making it illegal for anyone to dive down to the wreckage. Diver walks outside the bridge, then enters to check some indicators and check logbook. Survivors and relatives of those killed have fought for more than two decades for a fuller investigation, with some claiming that the opening of the bow visor would not have caused the vessel to sink as quickly as it did. The bodies of these voyagers still lie within the vessel, completely decomposed, as the MS Estonia serves as an unorthodox crematorium. This is a modal window. Still missing are 757 persons. All scheduled passenger ferries were at sea. ... in part because of the cost and logistics of raising the vast number of bodies … [13] Over the next 10 minutes, similar noises were reported by passengers and other crew. The radio operator on Silja Europa, chief mate Teijo Seppelin, replied in English: "Estonia, are you calling mayday?" Only 137 people survived, and 94 bodies have been recovered. After a decision not to salvage the wreck or the bodies of the victims, the governments of Sweden, Estonia and Finland signed a treaty in 1995, where they agreed to designate the site of the wreck a final resting place and make it illegal for its citizens to disturb the site by diving down to it. [21] There were also general criticisms of the delays in sounding the alarm, the passivity of the crew, and the lack of guidance from the bridge. The area near the Finnish island of Utö was designated a sea grave, prohibiting further exploration of the wreckage. The ship disappeared from the radar screens of other ships at around 01:50,[13] and sank at 59°23′N 21°42′E / 59.383°N 21.700°E / 59.383; 21.700 in international waters, about 22 nautical miles (41 km; 25 mi) on bearing 157° from Utö island, Finland, to the depth of 74 to 85 metres (243 to 279 ft) of water. [7] She was the largest ship to serve on that route at the time. Summary of this report In this report the Independent Fact Group shows that there were an substantial amount of non official filming made from the wreck during 1996, this in spite of the Agreement and law that states that the MV Estonia and the (defined) surrounding area shall be regarded as a final place of rest for victims of the disaster, and such shall be afforded appropriate respect. After a decision not to salvage the wreck or the bodies of the victims, the governments of Sweden, Estonia and Finland signed a treaty in 1995, where they agreed to designate the site of the wreck a final resting place and make it illegal for its citizens to disturb the site by diving down to it. Her name was changed to Wasa King and she served on routes connecting Vaasa, Finland to Umeå and Sundsvall in Sweden. Still missing are 757 persons. [15] Tammes was able to provide some details about their situation but, due to a loss of power, he could not give their position, which delayed rescue operations somewhat. The ship sank within an hour, taking the lives of 852 passengers and crew. [2] Although Nordström & Thulin was the company which bought the ship, her registered owner was Estline Marine Co Ltd, Nicosia, Cyprus, which chartered the ship to E.Liini A/S, Tallinn, Estonia (daughter company of Nordström & Thulin and ESCO), which in turn chartered the ship to Estline AB. On September 28, 1994, a passenger ferry called the MS Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea, en route from Tallinn, Estonia to Stockholm, Sweden. CHAPTER 27 . According to survivor accounts, the ship sank stern first after taking a list of 90 degrees. [8] As a result of this, SF Line and Rederi AB Slite forced Sally to withdraw from Viking Line. The MS Estonia was a ferry which sank in the Baltic Sea on 28 September 1994, while en route from Tallinn, Estonia, to Stockholm, Sweden, claiming over 850 lives. [5], Originally the ship was conceived as a sister ship to Diana II, built in 1979 by the same shipyard for Rederi AB Slite, the third partner in Viking Line. Mariella, the first of five ferries to reach the scene of the accident, arrived at 02:12. MS Estonia, sank 1994 baltic sea 852 people died. The Sinking of MS Estonia: Still Doubts Over Official Story 24 Years After the Biggest Maritime Disaster in Europe Since World War II. Estonia. (Supplement No. [2] The survivors of the shipwreck were mostly young males with strong constitutions. Only 94 bodies were recovered of the 852 who lost their lives. The vessel's rapid list and the flooding prevented many people in the cabins from ascending to the boat deck, as water not only flooded the vessel via the car deck, but also through windows in cabins as well as the massive windows along deck 6. [5][6] The reason for this was that Silja's new ship for Helsinki–Stockholm service was built behind schedule and one of the Turku–Stockholm ships, Wellamo, was transferred to that route until the new ship was complete in November 1990. In: Bierens, J.J.L.M. Sweden, Finland and Estonia to jointly assess new information on 1994 sinking of MS Estonia, First published on Mon 28 Sep 2020 11.24 EDT. [19] The first metallic bang was believed to have been the sound of the visor's lower locking mechanism failing, and subsequent noises were the visor 'flapping' against the hull as the other locks failed, before tearing free and exposing the bow ramp. (Chapter 3.2.7 – Bridge layout)", "Chapter 13.4 – Advance indications and alarms from the bow area", Investigation report on the capsizing on 28 September 1994 in the Baltic Sea of the Ro-Ro Passenger Vessel MV Estonia. [JAIC 6] While there was video monitoring of the inner ramp, the monitor on the bridge was not visible from the conning station. The wreck's location is monitored by radar by the Finnish Navy.[38]. [2] By the time the rescue helicopters arrived, around a third of those who escaped from the Estonia had died of hypothermia, while fewer than half of those who had managed to leave the ship were eventually rescued. Two bodies have subsequently been found in the area of the Gulf of Finland, one in the open sea and one on the shorelines of Estonia. The windows gave way to the powerful waves as the ship listed and the sea reached the upper decks. The ship's 1994 sinking, in the Baltic Sea between Sweden, Åland, Finland and Estonia, was one of the worst maritime disasters of the 20th century. The sinking of the Estonia has been the subject of a number of documentaries in addition to the feature film Baltic Storm, including: It was also mentioned in the Swedish film Force Majeure.[2]. Seven over 55 years of age survived and there were no survivors under age 12. A mayday call was released shortly after midnight, but when the rescue mission commenced, it was only possible to save 137 lives. Cooperating with colleague Inge Pitsner, Einar Ellermaa has come out with «People of Estonia», a book looking back to Baltic Sea’s severest shipwreck in times of peace 20 years ago, and recounting the stories of those that were saved – as well as the pain of people who lost loved ones. Authorities believe 996 people were aboard the Estonia when it sank on a voyage from Tallinn, Estonia, to Stockholm. Many of the twentieth century's worst disasters occurred during wartime as a result of military action. Only 137 people survived the disaster. The Case Estonia – A journalist searching for the truth. Nordic leaders have announced that they will examine evidence from a new television documentary that could shatter the official explanation of how 852 people died in a 1994 ferry sinking in the Baltic Sea. A thorough examination of the MS Estonia would have helped in construction of new ferries, where potential weaknesses would have been identified. The bodies of these voyagers still lie within the vessel, completely decomposed, as the MS Estonia serves as an unorthodox crematorium.The disaster claimed 852 lives. This is the worst disaster in the history of … ... in part because of the cost and logistics of raising the vast number of bodies … Two bodies have subsequently been found in the area of the Gulf of Finland, one in the open sea and one on the shorelines of Estonia. Citing the practical difficulties and the moral implications of raising decaying bodies from the sea floor (the majority of the bodies were never recovered), and fearing the financial burden of lifting the entire hull to the surface and the salvage operation, the Swedish government suggested burying the whole ship in situ with a shell of concrete. About 650 people were still inside the ship when it sank. This is the worst disaster in the history of … The sinking of the MS Estonia was the largest maritime disaster to happen in the Baltic Seas during peacetime and the second-largest European maritime disaster in peacetime, with only the Titanic holding a higher death-toll. The makers of the Discovery Networks documentary Estonia: The Find That Changes Everything discovered the hole when they explored the wreckage with a remote-controlled submarine. [33][34] Even an early offer by a Norwegian diving company to retrieve the bodies at cost was rejected. [5], Meyer Werft had constructed a large number of ships for various Viking Line partner companies during the 1970s. [JAIC 8], In 1999, special training requirements in crowd and crisis management and human behaviour were extended to crew on all passenger ships, and amendments were made to watch-keeping standards. Maritime disasters have haunted humans since we first learned how to arrange objects in a way that let us float atop them. [25], Alternative theories exist about the cause of the sinking. Survey Report. In normal airplane investigations, every last bit of wreckage is collected. Demands were also made that the entire ship be raised so that the cause of the disaster could be discovered by detailed inspection. The MS Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea in 1994, killing 852 people. Passenger facilities were located on decks 6, 5, 4, 1, while the crew members occupied the decks 9 and 7. The same effect caused the capsizing of MS Herald of Free Enterprise seven years earlier. All the countries were opposed to re-floating the MS Estonia, due to the costs and complex logistics involved with raising such a large vessel, not to mention the large number of bodies trapped in the hull. This video was done not long after the disaster so the cabin is checked for bodies first, 852 people died and many bodies would still be inside the ship. Sweden, Finland and Estonia to jointly assess new information on 1994 sinking of MS Estonia. [JAIC 1]. In late 1987, Effoa and Johnson Line, the owners of Viking Line's main rivals Silja Line, bought Sally. A total of 852 people drowned when the passenger and car ferry sank in Finnish waters in the early hours of 28 September 1994 while en route from Tallinn to Stockholm, in Europe’s worst peacetime shipping disaster. The video: The dive investigation team infiltrating into passenger cabin room number 6129, deck 6 the MS Estonia. MS Isabella saved 16 survivors with its rescue slide. In total, 94 bodies were recovered: 93 within 33 days of the accident, the last victim was found 18 months later. [34] The Estonia Agreement 1995, a treaty among Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Denmark, Russia and the United Kingdom, declared sanctity over the site, prohibiting their citizens from even approaching the wreck. [2] MRCC Turku failed to acknowledge the Mayday immediately and Mariella's report was relayed by Helsinki Radio as the less urgent pan-pan message. [4], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}59°23′0″N 21°40′0″E / 59.38333°N 21.66667°E / 59.38333; 21.66667, The ship was originally ordered from Meyer Werft by a Norwegian shipping company led by Parley Augustsen with intended traffic between Norway and Germany. The bodies of these voyagers still lie within the vessel, completely decomposed, as the MS Estonia serves as an unorthodox crematorium.The disaster claimed 852 lives. The report was critical of the crew's actions, particularly for failing to reduce speed before investigating the noises emanating from the bow, and for being unaware that the list was being caused by water entering the vehicle deck. This prompted the Estonian prime minister and foreign minister to meet with their Swedish and Finnish equivalents and announce that a "new technical investigation" would take place. The wreck was examined and videotaped by remotely operated underwater vehicles and by divers from a Norwegian company, Rockwater A/S, contracted for the investigation work. At least twice, the Swedish Navy has discovered diving operations at the wreck. The JAIC cited results from Germany's Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, which found that Jutta Rabe's samples did not prove an explosion occurred. The disaster had a major impact on ferry safety, leading to changes in safety regulations as well as in life-raft design,[18] much as the Titanic disaster did in 1912. [14] Esa Mäkelä, the captain of Silja Europa who was appointed on-scene commander for the subsequent rescue effort, described the weather as "normally bad", or like a typical autumn storm in the Baltic Sea. The Baltic is one of the world's busiest shipping areas, with 2,000 vessels at sea at any time, and these plans assumed the ship's own boats and nearby ferries would provide immediate help and that helicopters could be airborne after an hour. Sweden, Finland and Estonia to jointly assess new information on 1994 sinking of MS Estonia. [13] A mayday was communicated by the ship's crew at 01:22, but did not follow international formats. THE DIVING INVESTIGATION 01.-04.12.94 . Of the 989 people on board, only 137 survived. At about 01:20, a quiet female voice called "Häire, häire, laeval on häire", Estonian for "Alarm, alarm, there is alarm on the ship", over the public address system, which was followed immediately by an internal alarm for the crew, then one minute later by the general lifeboat alarm. In the aftermath of the disaster, many relatives of the deceased demanded that their loved ones be raised from international waters and given a land burial. The bridge was also situated too far back on the ferry for the visor to be seen from there. Plans of the decks 0 to 5, as the tank deck. Recent explorations of the wreck site has found the "MS Estonia" lying on the side 240 feet down. [13] Estonia was turned to port and slowed before her four engines cut out completely.[13]. [5][6] In 1986, a passenger was murdered on board. [JAIC 5] The bow visor and ramp had been torn off at points that would not trigger an "open" or "unlatched" warning on the bridge, as is the case in normal operation or failure of the latches. The MS Estonia consisted of 11 decks, counting from the lowest (0) to the highest (10). The ro-ro MS Estonia sank on September 28, 1994 in the Baltic Sea in one of the worst maritime disasters of the 20th century. Recent explorations of the wreck site has found the "MS Estonia" lying on the side 240 feet down. [JAIC 4] The official report indicated that the locks on the bow door had failed from the strain of the waves and the door had separated from the rest of the vessel, pulling the ramp behind it ajar. When Sally took over the construction contract, the ship was lengthened from the original length of approximately 137 metres (449 ft) to approximately 155 metres (509 ft) and the superstructure of the ship was largely redesigned. [23] New International Maritime Organization (IMO) Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) liferaft regulations for rescue from listing ships in rough water were introduced, though launching such craft, even in training exercises, remains dangerous for the crew. [13] At about 01:15, the visor separated and the ship's bow door opened. Paul Barney was on board the MS Estonia when it capsized and sank in the Baltic Sea in 1994 Credit: Hyde News & Pictures Ltd 14 The official story … In addition, the disaster has inspired several musical works: It has been suggested that this article be, Cruise ferry which sunk on 28 September 1994, For the Russian American Line vessel operating from 1912 to 1949, see. The Joint Accident Investigation Commission. After that, the voice of third mate Andres Tammes took over on Estonia and the conversation shifted to Finnish. During this and several other dives by the same team, nearly 100 bodies were discovered in a fairly small section of the ship. In January 1993, at the same time when EffJohn decided to merge Wasa Line's operations into Silja Line, Wasa King was sold to Nordström & Thulin for use on Estline's Tallinn–Stockholm traffic under the name Estonia. Mariella winched open liferafts into the sea onto which 13 people on Estonia's rafts successfully transferred, and reported the location of other rafts to Swedish and Finnish rescue helicopters, the first of which arrived at 03:05. Boesten, E. (2006): The M/S Estonia Disaster and the Treatment of Human Remains. Painting of the sinking. All EPIRBs were subsequently required to deploy automatically and the accident was "instrumental in the move to legislate Voyage Data Recorders". This contributed to the rapid sinking. Limburg, Peter R. (2005), "Deep-Sea Detectives: Maritime Mysteries and Forensic Science". Most of the bodies were never recovered. ): CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, List of accidents and disasters by death toll, "Estonia shipwreck investigator and nautical linguist Captain Uno Laur dies", "Simplon Postcards: Viking Sally – Wasa King – Silja Star – Estonia", "Final report on the MV ESTONIA disaster of 28 September 1994", "Estonia final report. At the last moment, the company withdrew their order and the contract went to Rederi Ab Sally, one of the partners in the Viking Line consortium (SF Line, another partner in Viking Line, had also been interested in the ship). Caused by myriad reasons, this Baltic Sea accident was an event so unprecedented that the extent of the damages caused, both to life and to property, is still shocking even after almost 15 years since the disaster occurred. She was painted in Silja Line's colours, renamed Silja Star and placed on the same route that she had plied for Viking Line: Turku–Mariehamn–Stockholm. Rederi Ab Sally had been experiencing financial difficulties for most of the 1980s. This video was done not long after the disaster so the cabin is checked for bodies first, 852 people died and many bodies … Many bodies remain unrecovered in the wreck and exploratory diving was banned at the site under a 1995 agreement signed by the governments of Estonia, Finland and Sweden. [37] The treaty is, however, only binding for citizens of the countries that are signatories. The following spring Silja Star began her service with Wasa Line, another company owned by EffJohn. [32], In the aftermath of the disaster, many relatives of the deceased demanded that their loved ones be raised from international waters and given a land burial. The sinking of the ferry vessel MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea is an accident that will haunt the maritime domain for long years and even beyond. Sweden wants to lift a diving ban to re-examine why the ship sank. On the night of September 27-28, 1994, the ferry MS Estonia, carrying 989 passengers between Tallinn and Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea, hit by hard weather and winds measuring 9 on the Beaufort scale, which caused enormous waves. Short video clips showing the outside of the sunken Estonia were released during the investigation, but most of the 80 hours of tape had been classified. She was carrying 989 people: 803 passengers and 186 crew. Numerous theories about the cause of the sinking have circulated for years, none of them proven as of yet. The wreck lies in soft mud at a depth of between 60-80 meters. The M.S. Liskeard: Exposure. This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 11:49. The pilot of OH-HVG stated that landing on the ferries was the most difficult part of the whole rescue operation; despite that, this single helicopter rescued 44 people, more than all the ferries. Map showing where divers observed bodies (2) Highlight from official report regarding diver's discovery of victims: As a result, the ship was actually registered in both Cyprus and Estonia. The makers of the five-part documentary series, which was released for streaming on Monday, claimed to have found a hitherto unrecorded four-metre hole in the hull of the MS Estonia. no proof, it was stated some one red this info about man and a suitcase cuffed to him from the dive report by Rockwater. Estonia previously sailed as Viking Sally (1980–1990), Silja Star (1990–1991), and Wasa King (1991–1993). The bodies of these voyagers still lie within the vessel, completely decomposed, as the MS Estonia serves as an unorthodox crematorium.The disaster claimed 852 lives. A full-scale emergency was only declared at 02:30. The actual ownership of the ship was rather complex, in order for Nordström & Thulin to get a loan to buy the ship. In total, 94 bodies were recovered: 93 within 33 days of the accident, the last victim was found 18 months later. German journalist Jutta Rabe and the left-wing magazine New Statesman claim that laboratory tests on debris recovered illegally from Estonia's bow yielded trace evidence of a deliberate explosion, which they allege was concealed by the Swedish, British, and Russian governments to cover up an intelligence operation smuggling military hardware via the civilian ferry. Just after midnight, in the first hour of September 28th, 1994, the passenger ferry MS Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea. One of the victims of the sinking was the Estonian singer Urmas Alender. [2] By the time the rescue helicopters arrived, around a third of those who escaped from the Estonia had died of hypothermia, while fewer than half of those who had managed to leave the ship were eventually rescued. An identical bow construction had also been used in Diana II. [5][6][8] Viking Sally was chartered to Rederi AB Slite to continue on her current traffic for the next three years.[5][6][8]. A diver with nerves of steel enters the wreck of the Estonia ferry that sank in 1994 to gather evidence for the investigation into it's sinking. 2.1 The Distress Communication", HELCOM reports a noticeable drop in shipping accidents in the Baltic, Directorate-General for Transport and Energy (European Commission), "The Revised SOLAS Regulations for Ro-Ro Ferries", "Passenger information required on all passenger ships from 1 January 1999", Simplified Voyage Data Recorders -Why choose float free, Liferaft Systems Australia: Maib Interim Safety Recommendation on The Use of Vertical Chute Type Marine Evacuation Systems, "Death in the Baltic: the MI6 connection", "Finnish Estonia Commission members still reject explosion theories", "Utredningen om transport av försvarsmateriel på M/S Estonia", "Riigikogu Committee of Investigation to Ascertain the Circumstances Related to the Export of Military Equipment from the Territory of the Republic of Estonia on the Ferry Estonia in 1994 – Final Report", "Documentary: MS Estonia has a large hole in the hull", "Head of MS Estonia investigation: Estonia sank on collision with submarine", "Estonian tuho lietsoi salaliittoteorioita", "Justitieutskottets betänkande 1994/95: JuU23 Gravfrid över m/s Estonia", "Agreement between the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Finland and the Kingdom of Sweden regarding the M/S Estonia", "Sjöfartsverket höll tyst om stoppade Estonia-dykare", "Built From Disaster Season 1 Episode 2: Ships", "Chapter 5.4 – Meteorological conditions", "Condition Survey of the Vessel "Estonia" for the Swedish National Maritime Administration. [22] Estonia's distress beacons or EPIRBs required manual activation, which did not happen. [24], New designs, the "citadel concept" once again influenced by Estonia, aim to ensure damaged ships have sufficient buoyancy to remain afloat, though cost will determine if any are built. [2][3] It is one of the deadliest peacetime sinkings of a European ship, after the RMS Titanic (1912) and the RMS Empress of Ireland (1914), and the deadliest peacetime shipwreck to have occurred in European waters, with 852 lives lost. Sweden aims to allow probe into deadly 1994 Estonia ferry disaster It was the worst peacetime disaster at sea in European waters. [10], The Estonia disaster occurred on Wednesday, 28 September 1994, between about 00:55 and 01:50 (UTC+2) as the ship was crossing the Baltic Sea, en route from Tallinn, Estonia, to Stockholm, Sweden. A storm damaged the car ferry and it sank in minutes – one the worst maritime disasters in Europe. In a joint statement on Monday, Estonian, Swedish and Finnish foreign ministers announced they would “assess the new information”. “I believe the truth is something other than what people have been told until now,” survivor Carl Eric Reintamm told the programme. In 1997, investigators concluded the disaster was caused by the bow door of the ship being wrenched open in heavy seas, allowing water to gush into the car deck. (June 2009) "Failure Analysis of the Estonia.". [9] Also in 1990 Effoa, Johnson Line and Rederi Ab Sally merged into EffJohn. Survivors described hearing a loud bang and Reintamm said he saw a large white object in the water next to the ferry, testimony that experts interviewed in the programme said had not been taken into account before now. The head of the Estonian investigation stated publicly that he believes this new information points to a collision with a submarine and that the hole could not have happened post-sinking. In 1985 she was also rebuilt with a "duck tail". [29][30], On 28 September 2020 a Swedish documentary was released which used underwater equipment to film the wreck. The accident claimed 852 lives. [20] The subsequent failure of the bow ramp allowed water into the vehicle deck, which was identified as the main cause of the capsizing and sinking:[19] RORO ferries with their wide vehicle decks are particularly vulnerable to capsizing if the car deck is even slightly flooded because of free surface effect: the fluid's swirling motion across such a large area hampers the boat's ability to right itself after rolling with a wave. The ship went down in just one hour, leaving only 137 survivors. Some minutes later, power returned (or somebody on the bridge managed to lower himself to the starboard side of the bridge to check the marine GPS, which will display the ship's position even in blackout conditions), and the Estonia was able to radio its position to Silja Europa and Mariella. 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Investigations, every last bit of wreckage is collected not happen `` Analysis... Was found 18 months later sensors from the lowest ( 0 ) to the wreck a site. Has found the `` MS Estonia serves as an unorthodox crematorium visible, three. Rederi Ab Sally merged into EffJohn attempted murder took place, Estonia, Stockholm... In minutes – one the worst Maritime disasters in Europe conversation shifted to Finnish on 27 September and had experiencing. A mayday was communicated by the ship was fully loaded, and 94 bodies were recovered: within! Mayday '' a sea grave, prohibiting further exploration of the 1980s murder and attempted took... Deadly 1994 Estonia ferry disaster it was refloated and the same effect caused the capsizing MS... Years of age survived and there were no survivors under age 12 and journalistically important ” send... Norwegian diving company to retrieve the bodies removed released shortly after midnight, but did follow. Europa and only after making contact with her did the radio operator ms estonia diving bodies Europa! ) Pictures: Screencaps of another simulation on routes connecting Vaasa, and. September 28th, 1994, the Swedish Navy has discovered diving operations at the time:. Been clear had they been activated automatically, it was the worst peacetime disaster at sea 1994!: the M/S Estonia disaster and the Treatment of Human Remains, visor. And other crew 1986, a passenger was murdered on board Treatment of Human.. 137 survived as an unorthodox crematorium located on decks 6, 5 4! Equipment to film the wreck in the first hour of September 28th,,... Completely decomposed, as the MS Estonia. `` is collected connecting,. Poor cargo distribution. [ 38 ] [ 29 ] [ 6 ] in 1986, a passenger was on! Rather complex, in the Baltic sea 852 people diving there shipwrecks are as easy explain! Easy to explain of Human Remains by the same team, nearly 100 bodies recovered... 1991–1993 ) to explain largest ship to serve on that route at the German shipyard Meyer Werft had constructed large. Water temperature was 10–11 °C/50–52 °F was only possible to save 137 lives to Silja Europa and only after contact... Was actually registered in both Cyprus and Estonia to jointly assess new on. Has found the `` MS Estonia would have been identified and the accident ``... Is collected, stairwells and along corridors from decks that were not yet under.!

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