2 Fair Youth vs Dark Lady «In making a young man’s beauty and worth his central focus, Shakespeare may be seen as overturning the conventions of more than two hundred years of Ê»Petrarchanismʼ, broadly interpreted» (Duncan-Jones 2006, p. 47). After a brief summary of these results the 'Dark Lady' sonnets will be examined in the same manner while regarding the results about the 'Young Man' I achieved before. When, after the poet and the woman begin their affair, she accepts additional lovers, at first the poet is outraged. That was quite different in the Elizabethan era when sonnet-writing was widespread during the so called 'sonnet vogue' at the end of the 16th century. A lot of sonnets were written during that time by poets like Sir Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser or of course William Shakespeare, whose sonnet sequence contains 154 sonnets in total. The first part of Shakespeare's sonnet sequence, namely sonnets 1-126, is directed to the "Young Man", while sonnets 127-154 are written to the "Dark Lady". The first part of Shakespeare's sonnet sequence, namely sonnets 1-126, is directed to the 'Young Man', while sonnets 127-154 are written to the 'Dark Lady'. The Mystery of the Divine in Shakespeare's Plays, Rather Something - On 'nothing' in King Lear, The presentation of love in Shakespeare's 'A Midsummer Night's Dream', Principles of Human Knowledge [Christmas Summary Classics]. Shakespeare had two major addressees for his sonnets: The "Fair Youth" - respectively the "Young Man" - and the "Dark Lady" whose identities are still a matter of speculation even today. They are the actual identities of the “Fair Youth” and the “Dark Lady”, the chief protagonists, other than the poet/narrator, in William Shakespeare’s sonnets. An Interpretation of Sonnet Nr. You can remove the unavailable item(s) now or we'll automatically remove it at Checkout. Another possible interpretation reads this ‘passion’ as writing poems or sonnets. This is one of the most famous of all the sonnets, justifiably so. 2.1 The “Fair Youth” Sonnets A Poem Analysis, King Lear: Lear's Language, Beginning vs. End of the Play, The Concept of Love in Shakespeare's 'A Midsummer Night's Dream', Shakespeare's 'Sonnet 127' and the mysterious 'Dark Lady' - An Analysis, Multiple Iago - The Character and Motives of Iago in Shakespeare's Othello, Rhetoric in the Middle Ages: Geoffrey Chaucer's 'The Parliament of Fowls', Keats's Odes (SparkNotes Literature Guide), The God Within. The Dark Lady is so called because she has black hair and dun coloured skin. At the end I will recapitulate the ascertained outcomes in a conclusion. The dark lady is a woman antithetically balancee with the fair friend. Shakespeare had two major addressees for his sonnets: The "Fair Youth" - respectively the "Young Man" - and the "Dark Lady" whose identities are still a matter of speculation even today. But it would be a mistake to take it entirely in isolation, for it links in with so many of the other sonnets through the themes of the descriptive power of verse; the ability of the poet to depict the fair youth adequately, or not; and the immortality conveyed through being hymned in these 'eternal lines'. 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In this paragraph the poetic persona starts by praising the young man for his beautiful face that is naturally so, other than women’s who have to “paint” their faces in order to come close to his beauty (Shakespeare et al. In Sonnet 144, the fair youth is the angel, a being of purity and comfort. Villain or hero? 2. Thanks! There are currently no items in your Shopping Cart. Keats: Ode to a Nightingale - A Grecian Urn. The Greek Sonnets (Sonnets 153 and 154): The last two sonnets bear little resemblance to the Fair Youth and Dark Lady sequences. On the other hand, though, he does not have the negative facet that so often comes with a woman’s nature. 2.1.2 Relationship to the Poetic Persona  (Institut für Anglistik, Amerikanistik und Romanistik der RWTH Aachen). However, an affair is later indicated between the Fair Youth and the Dark Lady of the Sonnets and while the Sonnet Speaker openly admits to a sexual relationship with his Dark Lady… Moreover it is the only sonnet that explicitly refers to both the Dark Lady and the young man. In this paper I am first going to deal with the “Fair Youth” sequence: There will be a short characterisation of this figure before I will concern myself with the relationship to the poetic persona. So as one can clearly see the addressee of this sonnet stands above the persona. About all these points that are stated about real love in this sonnet the persona seems to be very sure of as one can see in the final couplet: But although they seem to share this special bond there are still differences in the social class between the two figures. You can read this item using any of the following Kobo apps and devices: Looks like you're in United States. Would you like us to take another look at this review? The fair youth does not like music, and the speaker claims it is because the call of family life is “chiding,” or scolding, him for remaining single. This sonnet starts with these famous lines: “Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? A gender studies approach to William Shakespeare's 'The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice', Biographia Literaria [Christmas Summary Classics], The Existential Dichotomies of Chaucer's 'The Miller's Tale' and 'The Reeve's Tale', About 'The Broom o the Cathery Knowes' and its Place in Tradition, Nominal Forms of Address in Shakespeare's 'Othello', Decay in Nature - Seen from Two Different Points of View, Sterne's writing and conversational style. Some of Shakespeare’s sonnets are still very well-known today and are read and analysed by students in schools or universities. Although beauty was up until then merely used to describe women it is here a characteristic that is applied to the young man (Innes 108). by The fair lord sonnets explore the narrator's consuming infatuation with a young and beautiful man, while the dark lady sonnets engage his lustful desire for a woman who is not his wife. When analyzed as characters, the subjects of the sonnets are usually referred to as the Fair Youth, the Rival Poet, and the Dark Lady. What seems quite noticeable though is that the poetic persona is attracted to the young man and even loves him whether platonic or not. In sonnet 20 the persona speaks to the man as “ the master mistress of my passion” (Shakespeare et al. You submitted the following rating and review. This line should also make it quite clear that there was no homosexual relationship between the persona and the young man. The “Fair Youth” is a young man who is portrayed with feminine qualities in many of Shakespeare’s sonnets directed to him. 42) . The persona seems to accept the fact that nature “prick’d [the man] out for women’s pleasure” meaning that the man is supposed to have sexual relations with women instead of the persona. 18 by William Shakespeare, Stylistic Analysis of Robert Frost's 'The Secret Sits' and William Shakespeare's 'Sonnet 18', Shakespeare's Othello: 'Racism in Othello? He directed the majority toward two people: the fair youth and the "Dark Lady." 132f.). The Dark Lady sequence (sonnets 127–152) Shakespeare is the most defiant of the sonnet tradition. Shakespeare's Sonnets (SparkNotes Literature Guide), Variety of love in Shakespeare's 'Twelfth Night', William Wordsworth's 'Tintern Abbey'. In this paper I am first going to deal with the 'Fair Youth' sequence: There will be a short characterisation of this figure before I will concern myself with the relationship to the poetic persona. Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 2,0, RWTH Aachen University (Institut für Anglistik, Amerikanistik und Romanistik der RWTH Aachen), course: The Sonnet - History of a Genre, language: English, abstract: Nowadays sonnets, or probably even lyric in general, are not very popular anymore. At the end of sonnet 20 the persona complains that the young man was not created a woman because by creating him as a man nature added “one thing to [his] purpose nothing” (Shakespeare et al. You need a Philippines address to shop on our Philippines store. In Shakespeare’s Sonnets the 'Fair Youth' is an unnamed young man to whom sonnets 1-126 are addressed. A lot of sonnets were written during that time by poets like Sir Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser or of course William Shakespeare, whose sonnet sequence contains 154 sonnets in total. Sonnet 60 The 'Fair Youth' and the 'Dark Lady' in Shakespeare's sonnets and their relationship to the Poetic Persona. Some see it as a homosexual relationship whereas others read it as merely platonic (Innes 145). The persona then goes on talking about the young man’s characteristics in comparison to those of women: he has only the positive attributes of the female gender, for example is he on the one hand as soft and compassionate as women are, so he has “A woman’s gentle heart” (Shakespeare et al. But Shakespeare does not seem to have any problem with that. But how are these figures - the young man and the dark lady - portrayed by the poetic persona? The dark lady is the “worser spirit,” who is so seductive that she has not only tempted the speaker to sin, but is now tempting his “angel” as well. Nowadays sonnets, or probably even lyric in general, are not very popular anymore. Here the persona already sounds enamoured and charmed by the man and the tone is light and lovely as it is throughout the whole poem. 45) he will finally show how much he loves him. These sonnets are neatly organized following the structure of the Shakespearean sonnet and its common rhyme scheme abab,cdcd,efef,gg with a iambic pentameter. However, as he did with the youth, the poet ultimately blames himself for the Dark Lady's abandoning him. But how are these figures – the young man and the dark lady - portrayed by the poetic persona? For the “Fair Youth” section these are going to be sonnets 18, 20, 26, and 116; for the “Dark Lady” sonnets I will deal with sonnets 127, 130, 129, and 144. Once he will be able to write well enough and be “worthy of [his] sweet respect” (Shakespeare et al. new idea that his poetry can make the Fair Youth immortal, beginning a new theme and thread. Thanks! Are these relationships of a similar nature or do they differ in some aspects? To get a better understanding of these poems, an important aspect one should be concerned with is the addressee of each sonnet. But while women may enjoy the man’s body the persona wishes to have the man’s love on an emotional level. In sonnet 20 one can find another meaningful phrase that describes the man’s character: “A man in hue all hues in his controlling, Which steals men's eyes and women's souls amazeth.” (Shakespeare et al. Sonnet 127: 'In the old age black was not counted fair' In the old age black was not counted fair, Or … The sequence distinguishes itself from the Fair Youth sequence with its overt sexuality . That is, they often seem to be moody or, changing their minds. We appreciate your feedback. - Every paper finds readers, RWTH Aachen University The friend is a male while the lady is dark and not fair. In this aspect sonnet 116 is quite interesting as well. We find 127 closer to 124 (Fair Youth) and 128 closer to 126 (Fair Youth), most likely attributed to the unusual 'non-iambic pentameter structure of sonnet 126. The description of the Dark Lady distinguishes itself from the Fair Youth sequence by being overtly sexual. What exactly was the description of the sonnets?' 42) The expression “A man in hue” could have the meaning of a man who is in a good “form” or “shape” or who has pleasant looks (Shakespeare et al. 2.2.3 Summary. At Kobo, we try to ensure that published reviews do not contain rude or profane language, spoilers, or any of our reviewer's personal information. - High royalties for the sales Please review your cart. The title should be at least 4 characters long. For the 'Fair Youth' section these are going to be sonnets 18, 20, 26, and 116; for the 'Dark Lady' sonnets I will deal with sonnets 127, 130, 129, and 144. Three Elizabethans ingloriously defamed in the pages of 'Polimanteia' (1595) 42) alluding to the man’s genital which is apparently of no use for the persona. There are different assumptions as how one can interpret the relationship between the poetic persona and the fair youth. Shakespeare had two major addressees for his sonnets: The 'Fair Youth' - respectively the 'Young Man' - and the 'Dark Lady' whose identities are still a matter of speculation even today. These become most apparent in sonnet 26. We are currently reviewing your submission. 42). The final couplet of this sonnet supports the interpretation of their relationship as platonic: “But since she prick'd thee out for women's pleasure, Mine be thy love and thy love's use their treasure.”. This fact also counts for the poetic persona as will be shown in the next chapter. The second part of the phrase – “all hues in his controlling” – has even more different meanings. What does this portrayal tell the reader about the relationship between persona and addressee? This sonnet shows the reader that the persona has some kind of duty towards the man and serves him which is also the reason for writing this sonnet: he wants to show that he is a loyal vassal and he does not really know how to express this obligation in the right way but hopes that the man understands what he means. The first part of Shakespeare’s sonnet sequence, namely sonnets 1 – 126, is directed to the “Young Man”, while sonnets 127 – 154 are written to the “Dark Lady”. We'll publish them on our site once we've reviewed them. The poet writes of the young man in romantic and loving language, a fact which has led several commentators to suggest a homosexual relationship between them, while others read … A Grammar of the English Tongue - The Original Classic Edition, A Midsummer's Night Dream: Teacher Lesson Plans, The Drama of Shakespeare's England: A Writing Guide for Students, Shakespeare's use of the supernatural in Hamlet and Macbeth, The play within the play: Ovid's 'Metamorphoses' and Shakespeare's 'A Midsummer Night's Dream', The Difference Between Macbeth and Richard the Third, Seduction in Christopher Marlowe's 'Hero and Leander' and William Shakespeare's 'Venus and Adonis', Gender Ambiguity in Shakespeare's Macbeth, 'Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?' At the end I will recapitulate the ascertained outcomes in a conclusion. word "fair" to describe the young man, but its meaning in the sonnets is "beautiful," not "blonde." Are these relationships of a similar nature or do they differ in some aspects? - It only takes five minutes A “marriage of true minds” must then only happen on the emotional level: they are probably two people who were made for each other and love each other but in a platonic way. The fair and unkind lady image of the Petrarchan sonnets is demolished and the genuine picture of a genuine woman of flesh and blood is introduced. Get an answer for 'What was the sonnet (young man) and the (dark lady) about? In this understanding “master-mistress” would simply mean that a man is addressed the way women are usually addressed in sonnet-writing (Shakespeare et al. This love cannot be altered by time but it stays the same until the end. - Shakespeare's image of Richard III, Shakespearean Drama - Women in Renaissance, Ironic Contradictions in the 'Pardoner's Prologue' and the 'Pardoner's Tale', The role of Polonius in 'Hamlet': a man of judgement disturbed, Types of the sonnet in english and american literature, 'What is your substance, whereof are you made?' Shakespeare's Dark Lady. This reading would also fit the next line of the sonnet that says that both men and women feel attracted to the youth and are charmed by his demeanour. - Completely free - with ISBN 45) can be taken literally as well as figuratively because the addressee really is a lord (Rowse, S. xiv). 133) . One can excerpt certain characteristics from the way this young man is presented in the sonnets as well as find out about the nature of the man’s relationship to the poetic persona. The first part of Shakespeare's sonnet sequence, namely sonnets 1-126, is directed to the "Young Man", while sonnets 127-154 are written to the "Dark Lady". Some of Shakespeare's sonnets are still very well-known today and are read and analysed by students in schools or universities. 2.2.2 Relationship to the Poetic Persona Today I examine the representation of the fair youth and explore some of the most popular theories surrounding his identity, in an attempt to put a name to the man ‘more temperate’ (18.2) than a summer’s day. 2.2.1 Characterisation of the ‘Dark Lady’ Emilia Lanier: The Dark Lady in Shakespeare’s Sonnets For long centuries, two distinct, yet inextricably connected, mysteries have confounded the literary world. With sonnet 15 (14+1), Shakespeare suddenly introduces the (ta-da!) Shakespeare’s sonnets didn't deal about perfect women but they relate to three different figures, the fair youth, the dark lady and the rival poet, whose identity were unknown. Sonnets 17 and 18 ... who is rumoured to have been the inspiration for the ‘Dark Lady’ in sonnets 127-154. While in the first seventeen sonnets the persona tries to persuade the young man to marry and father children, the tone changes from sonnet 18 on. The subject of Sonnets 126–152, this ‘black beauty’ (127.3) and ‘female evil’ (144.5) has been claimed to be several different women, but the most popular candidates are Mary Fitton, Lucy Negro and Emilia Lanier. Discuss with reference to at least three poems, John Donne - 'The Flea' and Andrew Marvell - 'To His Coy Mistress', The Construction of the Plot in `King Lear´, The Concept of Metamorphosis in Literature, The Concept of Love in Shakespeare's 'A Midsummer Night's Dream'', Fathers and daughters in selected Shakespearean plays, Shakespeare's 'Sonnet 60': a detailed interpretation and analysis, Iago´s Iniquitous Cajolery of the Suspicious Othello, 'But I do think it is their husbands' faults If wives do fall.' Fair Youth Procreation Sequence (Sonnets 1–17) Fair Youth Friendship Sequence (Sonnets 18–126) Rival Poet Group (Sonnets 78–86) Dark Lady Sequence (Sonnets 127–154) Fair Youth/Dark Lady Betrayal Sequence (Sonnets 133, 134, 144) The Poet’s Act of Betrayal (Sonnet 151) Quotes By Character; The Speaker; The Beautiful Young Man; The Dark Lady A comparison. Shakespeare had two major addressees for his sonnets: The “Fair Youth” – respectively the “Young Man” – and the “Dark Lady” whose identities are still a matter of speculation even today. There are 154 sonnets in total: 126 of them are addressed to a "Fair Youth", a young man of aristocratic breeding; 26 of them concern a "Dark Lady", conspicuously not … Another reading of this could be that the “man in hue” is a “noble” man who is graceful and elegant in his behaviour and appearance (Shakespeare et al. This is a love that cannot be destroyed by anything: there are no changes that could hinder their love but it is like a guidance, something to rely on and to give some kind of safety in difficult times. What does this portrayal tell the reader about the relationship between persona and addressee? A marriage is after all the deepest bond two people can enter although this is most times based on a sexual relationship. Among these, Sonnet 151has been characterised as "bawdy" and is used to illustrate the difference between the spiritual love for the Fair Youth and the sexual love for the Dark Lady. For the “Fair Youth” section these are going to be sonnets 18, 20, 26, and 116; for the “Dark Lady” sonnets I will deal with sonnets 127, 130, 129, and 144. The most plausible one for me is that this very elegant and good looking man fascinates and enchants everyone around him (Shakespeare et al. Sonnets 127-154 comprise the Dark Lady sequence of 28 (14*2) sonnets. They stand alone and draw upon the Roman myth of Cupid. on January 5, 2021. The author of the Sonnets clearly has a love-hate relationship with the Dark Lady, and there appears to be some kind of triangular relationship involving the author, the Dark Lady, and the “Fair Youth,” i.e., the young man to whom most of the Sonnets are addressed. 42) . That was quite different in the Elizabethan era when sonnet-writing was widespread during the so called “sonnet vogue” at the end of the 16th century. The sonnets are traditionally divided into two major groups: the fair lord sonnets (1-126) and the dark lady sonnets (127-154). The first part of Shakespeare's sonnet sequence, namely sonnets 1-126, is directed to the 'Young Man', while sonnets 127-154 are written to the 'Dark Lady'. Shakespeare addressed the first half of his sonnet sequence to a young man, also referred to as the “Fair Youth”. The Dark Lady is a woman described in Shakespeare's sonnets (sonnets 127–154) and so called because the poems make it clear that she has black wiry hair and dark, brown, "dun" coloured skin. You've successfully reported this review. 2.1.1 Characterisation of the ‘Fair Youth’ To get a better understanding of these poems, an important aspect one should be concerned with is the addressee of each sonnet. Your display name should be at least 2 characters long. The identity of the Dark Lady is shrouded in as much mystery as that of the Fair Youth. I think this depends on your interpretation of the tone, of the fair youth; the difference concept could be simply described as purely platonic, where as the sexually explicit dark lady sonnets, are from it - depicted by any of the first 17 sonnets encouraging the fair youth to find love, marry and evan have children. Thou art more lovely and more temperate”. These points will be executed by looking at several sonnets in detail. This applies to both his looks as well as his characteristics as is especially apparent in sonnet 20 and in this quote of the first lines thereof: “A woman's face with nature's own hand painted, Hast thou, the master mistress of my passion; A woman's gentle heart, but not acquainted With shifting change, as is false women's fashion”. Fair Youth/Dark Lady Betrayal Sequence (Sonnets 133, 134, 144) Quotes Fair Youth/Dark Lady Betrayal Sequence (Sonnets 133, 134, 144) Beshrew that heart that makes my heart to groan For that deep wound it gives my friend and me; Is’t not enough to torture me alone, But slave to slavery my sweet’st friend must be?