Altri scritti da ricordare sono le Storie fiorentine e le Considerazioni ." Published in 1561, the work met with great success, spreading throughout Europe in translation. RENAISSANCE. To him it was clear that the events of history were subordinated to a conflict of interests, in which la cupidità was the sole motivating force of the individual protagonists. Guicciardini, who was trained as a lawyer, served the Medici papacy as a senior administrator, and was a participant in the vicissitudes of the Habsburg-Valois wars in Italy, which he narrated in his last and greatest work, the Storia d'Italia (History of Italy), composed in the late 1530s. 00:00. Like Machiavelli, Guicciardini tried throughout his life to gain an intellectual grasp of how political and military events are determined. Emphasis is therefore on political rather than social, cultural, or religious factors. For this the city of Florence, which had expelled the Medici, declared him an outlaw. New York, 1970. Encyclopedia.com. Nicco…, RENAISSANCE ." © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. GUICCIARDINI'S RICORDI 299 maintaining control of Florence; B 162-164 with spending. ." One reason for the work's classic status is Guicciardini's ability to marshal the tumult of events into a vast narrative. Maxims and Reflections (Ricordi) Francesco Guicciardini. But after the Medici returned to power in 1530, he served as adviser to Alessandro and even defended him against the Florentine exiles at Naples. After the return to power of the Medici in Florence and the elevation to the papacy of Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici as Leo X, Guicciardini insisted upon being recalled, arriving home in January 1514. Guicciardini's outlook was broadly that of his fellow aristocrats, but his real concern was to ensure that perceptive and experienced men would prevail over the foolish and the inexperienced in the business of government. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/arts-construction-medicine-science-and-technology-magazines/guicciardini-francesco-1483-1540. ——. See also Florence ; Habsburg-Valois Wars ; Historiography ; Machiavelli, Niccolò ; Political Philosophy ; Republicanism . When Guicciardini opposed absolute power for the reinstated Medici regime, Clement VII sent him away to be governor of Bologna. An able governor, he resolutely established order and instituted fiscal reforms and a program of public works. Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World. The Sweetness of Power: Machiavelli's Discourses and Guicciardini's Considerations. Encyclopedia.com. 21 Dec. 2020 . caprariis, Francesco Guicciardini (Bari 1950). The History of Italy. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. XXI SERIE PRIMA. . Guicciardini is noteworthy for having broken away from the narrow concept of local municipal chronicles. Dialogue on the Government of Florence. Yet the problem of Florence never left Guicciardini's mind, and in the 1520s he returned to it yet again in his Dialogo del reggimento di Firenze (Dialogue on the government of Florence), which is set in late 1494. Translated and abridged by Sidney Alexander. 21 Dec. 2020 . Guicciardini is an Italian family name.. His desire to save Italy was hindered by the dilatory tactics of the Duke of Urbino, commander of the League's troops. The Italian historian and statesman Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540) is best known for his history of Italy, which covers the period from 1492 to 1532. Bibliography: Scrittori d'Italia (Bari 1910–). The Renaissance. When Cosimo I de' Medici reached an accord with Charles V, Guicciardini, still an anti-imperialist, lost favor and retired to his villa of Santa Margherita in Montici. Ricordi by Francesco Guicciardini ... 1994 and 2006 in 6 languages and held by 541 WorldCat member libraries worldwide This is the first translation into English of Guicciardini's Dialogue on the Government of Florence. In 1531 Guicciardini became the governor of Bologna, but in 1534 resigned his post. Like his friend Niccolò Machiavelli, he wrote his most important works during a period of political disgrace. In the same year a new, thoroughly annotated edition of the original text was published: Dialogo del reggimento di Firenze. Machiavelli: - storia romana come modello Guicciardini obbietta - criterio dell’imitazione: invalido per la mutata situazione (moderni/antichi = asini/cavalli) - ricerca umana: ha limiti invalicabili, serve a trovare l’ingegno e non la verità ⇒ posizione non contro Mac. ——. Even B 78-79, which contain two explicit invocations of the name of Tacitus, are separated in series C. We could, of course, go on, but by now Guicciardini's Like Like. Guicciardini did exercise power directly, but not in the context of Florentine politics. . Abstract. Ricordi = avvertimenti che è opportuno ricordare. . Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540) è un importante scrittore e storico italiano, considerato il fondatore della storiografia moderna. □. Encyclopedia.com. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). G. Canestrini (Florence 1857–67) are many letters; the Ricordi, 403 maxims, some duplicated; the Considerazioni intorno ai discorsi del Machiavelli sopra la prima Deca di Tito Livio, notes that illustrate the ideological differences between Guicciardini and his contemporary; 16 Discorsi politici; the Dialogo del reggimento di Firenze, revealing his theory of rule vested in a senate composed of an aristocracy of merit rather than one of class; nine Discorsi intorno alle mutazioni e riforme del governo fiorentino; the Storie fiorentine; the Relazione di Spagna; the Istruzioni delle cose di Romagna; and minor works, mostly of an autobiographical nature. v. luciani, Francesco Guicciardini and His European Reputation (New York 1936). Encyclopedia.com. Atkinson and Davis Sices, Trans. See Also: Machiavelli, Niccolo; Medici, Cosimo de'. Cento Giorni alla Consulta diario e ricordi a cura di Paolo Guicciardini. See also Dean Church's Occasional Papers, vol. From 1498 to 1505 . https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/arts-construction-medicine-science-and-technology-magazines/guicciardini-francesco-1483-1540, "Guicciardini, Francesco (1483–1540) Ricordi 6 La discrezione «È grande errore parlare delle cose del mondo indistintamente e assolutamente, e per dire cosí, per regola; perché quasi tutte hanno distinzione ed eccezione per la varietá delle circunstanzie, le quali non si possono fermare con una medesima Encyclopedia.com. Francesco Guicciardini. Turin, 1994. Le Considerazioni sui discorsi del Machiavelli furono scritte probabilmente nel 1528, durante il ritiro di Finocchieto. Encyclopedia.com. Seeing through his machinations, however, Medici dismissed Guicciardini and exiled him to his country home. GARIBALDI, GIUSEPPE (1807–1882), I…, Mussolini, Benito Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. However, the date of retrieval is often important. GUICCIARDINI, FRANCESCO (1483 – 1540). Translated by Mario Domandi. Within Florence, the pressure of events and the conflict of interests created a political debate of such intensity that a cohort of Florentines led by Niccolò Machiavelli (1469–1527), and including Guicciardini, virtually founded the modern tradition of political thought. 1514; Report on Spain), Dialogo del reggimento di Firenze (1525; Dialogue on the Government of Florence), Ricordi politici e civili (1529; Political and Civil Memoirs), and Considerazioni sui Discorsi del Machiavelli (1529; Considerations on Machiavelli's Discourses). Translation of the Storie fiorentine dal 1378 al 1509. GARIBALDI, GIUSEPPE A biography is Roberto Ridolfi, The Life of Francesco Guicciardini (1960; trans. ↑ Benoist, p. 127. His first political appointment, the important one of ambassador to Spain, came to him at the early age of 28. (December 21, 2020). Francesco Guicciardini Data i miejsce urodzenia After graduating in civil law from the University of Pisa, he began a successful practice with clients drawn from the leading Florentine families, merchant organizations, and monastic orders. Among the famous passages, sometimes anthologized for their literary verve, are his delineation of conditions in Italy upon the death of Lorenzo de' Medici in 1492 and his portrait of Clement VII. The era that Guicciardini treated—the time of the Borgias, Leo X, Clement VII, Ferdinand of Spain, Luther, Columbus, Francis I, and Charles V—was also the period of Italy's greatest political intrigues and a time of war. "In the history of Renaissance thought, Guicciardini's Ricordi occupy a place of singular importance. Registrazione: n° 20792 del 23/12/2010 From his parents, Piero di Jacopo and Simona Gianfigliazzi, he inherited an attachment to the Medici party. Carducci, Giosuè Francesco Guicciardini (March 6, 1483 – May 22, 1540) was an Italian historian and statesman. The modern state was coalescing throughout western Europe, and the European state system was assuming the dynamic form it was to retain throughout the early modern period. Guicciardini was born of an aristocratic Florentine family that played a prominent role under Lorenzo de’ Medici (the Magnificent). Guicciardini's Ricordi fails to make the clear distinction between public and private morality made by Machiavelli, f. gilbert, Machiavelli and Guicciardini: Politics and History in 16th-Century Florence (Princeton 1964). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/francesco-guicciardini, "Francesco Guicciardini ." Hence they placed great emphasis on the character of individual leaders and their advisors, and the process of deliberation. I Ricordi sono pensieri nati in margine alla carriera politica di Francesco Guicciardini, quasi un resoconto delle sue esperienze attraverso LUCIDE MASSIME di cauta e faticata saggezza. He retired to his villa in Arcetri, spending the leisure of his last years in the composition of the Storia d' Italia. Maxims and Reflections of a Renaissance Statesman. Francesco Guicciardini's Discorso di Logrogno. Early in 1512, before reaching the statutory age of 30, he was named ambassador to the court of Ferdinand V of Castile, whose portrait he so deftly drew. but it combines shrewd personal observation with fragmentary political analysis. MCCUAIG, WILLIAM "Guicciardini, Francesco (1483–1540) Few works of the sixteenth century allow us so penetrating an insight into the views and sentiments of its author as these reflections of the great Italian historian. Translated by Mario Domandi. Encyclopedia of World Biography. As governor of Parma, he defended the town against an assault by the French, an action that was rewarded by Pope Clement VII with an appointment as vice regent of Romagna and then as lieutenant-general of the army of the pope. . The Renaissance is one of the most interesting and disputed periods of European history. During his lifetime the Medici were expelled from Florence and a republican regime restored (1494–1512), two members of the Medici family were elected to the papacy (Leo X and Clement VII), the Medici regained control of Florence (1512–1527) but lost it again briefly (1527–1530), and finally established themselves as hereditary princes. In 1516 Leo X appointed him governor of Modena and later of Reggio and Parma, which he successfully defended against the French in 1521. Upon his return to Italy in 1514, he entered the service of the Medici, who had become rulers of Florence in 1512. Ricordi - Ebook written by Francesco Guicciardini. In 1523 he was made president of the Romagna. Princeton, 1965. His father disapproved of his choice and he turned to the law and a political career in Florence. Among his other writings in the ten volumes of the Opere inedite, ed. Benito Mussolini ruled as dictator of Italy from 1922 to 1943. In 1515, he entered the service of Leo X, the son of Lorenzo the Magnificent of Florence. ©2000—2021 Skuola Network s.r.l. 18:47. During the siege of Florence by Charles V, Guicciardini. Machiavelli, Niccolò, and Francesco Guicciardini. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. ." In 1508 he married Maria Salviati, who bore him seven daughters. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Francesco Guicciardini was the greatest historian of the Renaissance.His family rose to prominence under the Medici regime (a nascent principate operating behind a republican facade). Lettura e considerazione dei Ricordi il concetto di abito educazione alla conoscenza Gucciardini elabora una nuova forma di pensiero. Another is his profound insight into the complex, systemic way overall outcomes are determined, as numerous individual decision makers and their advisors throughout Italy and Europe, with all their personal idiosyncrasies, continually assess the intentions, capacities, words, and deeds of all the others, and choose their own courses of action. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/guicciardini-francesco-1483-1540. RICORDI . He played a key role in the formation of the anti-imperial League of Cognac in 1526. Non esplicito, ma ricavabile da + passi. u. spirito, Machiavelli e Guicciardini (2d ed. Two years later he was appointed governor of Modena, beginning a career of Church service that endured until the triumph of imperial forces in Italy and the occupation of Rome by troops of Charles V in 1527. ." Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Guicciardini's Ricordi Francesco Guicciardini worked on and off on the collection of prose maxims entitled Ricordi civili e politici by its nineteenth-century editor Giuseppe Canestrini over a long period of time, extending from the years 1512-13, when Guicciardini was Florentine ambassador in Spain, to 1530, final years and legacy His efforts assured the independence of Florence from Charles V, but they did not prevent the assassination of Alessandro by Lorenzino in January 1537. 21 Dec. 2020 . early life and exile Tutti i diritti riservati. Dekalb, Ill., 2002. His other works include Storia fiorentina (1509), Relazione di Spagna (ca. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Edited by Gian Maria Anselmi and Carlo Varotti. ." Read "Diario di viaggio in Spagna" by Francesco Guicciardini available from Rakuten Kobo. Registro degli Operatori della Comunicazione. He is considered one of the major political writers of the Italian Renaissance and the Father of Modern History. Wszystkie dziedziny nauk. In external affairs, a French army invaded Italy in 1494, and the Valois monarchy subsequently attempted to establish hegemony there, but was challenged and ultimately defeated by the supranational Habsburg empire of Charles V, which from c. 1530 exercised hegemony in the peninsula. See also Vincent Luciani, Francesco Guicciardini and His European Reputation (1936), and Felix Gilbert, Machiavelli and Guicciardini:Politics and History in Sixteenth-century Florence (1965). Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Both units disap-pear as units in C, although nearly all of the individual ricordi are preserved. New York, 1965; Philadelphia, 1972. Guicciardini's skill at interrelating political movements in many states, his objectivity even in analyzing events in which he directly participated, his combination of broad perspective with shrewd psychological insights into the contemporary makers of history are truly remarkable. 21 Dec. 2020 . 1967). Opere Inedite Di Francesco Guicciardini, Volumes 1-2: Amazon.es: Guicciardini, Francesco: Libros en idiomas extranjeros r. palmarocchi, Studi Guicciardiniani (Letteraria 6; Florence 1947). . . ↑ The Ricordi are in the first of the ten volumes of Opere Inedite. But political participation and influence were strongly correlated to social position, so most of the leading individual actors were members of prominent families, had aristocratic views, and favored a stronger role for the executive and the creation of a permanent senate to represent their interests, while a few supported the Savonarolan movement and others collaborated secretly with the Medici. Many scholars see it as a unique ti…, Garibaldi, Giuseppe Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html, Italian historian and statesman; b. Florence, 1483; d. Arcetri, May 22, 1540. New York, 1969; Repr., Princeton, 1984. ." Introduction by Nicolai Rubenstein. . . Francesco Guicciardini. . Guicciardini ebbe una rapida ascesa nella politica internazionale, ricevendo dalla Repubblica Fiorentina lincarico di ambasciatore in Spagna presso Ferdinando il Cattolico nel 1512. 0 0 about 1 year ago. Of these works the last two are the most important. Encyclopedia.com. Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World. Many letters have since been published, as well as his Diario del viaggio in Spagna (1932), and Le cose fiorentine (1945), a eulogy of the Florentine oligarchy. ." Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/francesco-guicciardini.