Vomero Soccavo Chist'articulo è sulo na bozza ().Si ce puó ddà na mano, p’’o fà addeventà nu poco meglio, spriemme ccà.Pe' ssapé comm’’e 'a fà, guarda ncopp’’e ccunvenziune 'e Wikipedia. Young left a significant footprint in the cityscape and designed many urban projects, such as the city's first subway. [59][60], Naples was the most-bombed Italian city during World War II. Of the various public parks in Naples, the most prominent are the Villa Comunale, which was built by the Bourbon king Ferdinand IV in the 1780s;[86] the park was originally a "Royal Garden", reserved for members of the royal family, but open to the public on special holidays. Later Neapolitan was replaced by Spanish during Spanish domination, and then by Italian. [53] A counter-revolutionary religious army of lazzaroni known as the sanfedisti under Cardinal Fabrizio Ruffo was raised; they met with great success, and the French were forced to surrender the Neapolitan castles, with their fleet sailing back to Toulon. [146][147] [163] Giuliani, who was actually from Apulia but lived and worked in Naples, is widely considered to be one of the greatest guitar players and composers of the 19th century, along with his Catalan contemporary Fernando Sor. 5. Several episodes of the animated series Tom and Jerry also have references/influences from Naples. [17] Neapolitan cuisine is noted for its association with pizza, which originated in the city, as well as numerous other local dishes. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 27 min, while 56.% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. [73] Naples has a total of 448 historical churches (1000 in total[74]), making it one of the most Catholic cities in the world in terms of the number of places of worship. In the 18th century, Naples went through a period of neoclassicism, following the discovery of the remarkably intact Roman ruins of Herculaneum and Pompeii. Arenella During the Benito Mussolini era, the first structures of the city's "service center" were built, all in a Rationalist-Functionalist style, including the Palazzo delle Poste and the Pretura buildings. The city also has teams in a variety of other sports: Eldo Napoli represents the city in basketball's Serie A and plays in the city of Bagnoli. The Vigliena Fort, which was built in 1702, was destroyed in 1799 during the royalist war against the Parthenopean Republic, and is now abandoned and in ruin. [53] However, Naples' lower class lazzaroni were strongly pious and royalist, favouring the Bourbons; in the mêlée that followed, they fought the Neapolitan pro-Republican aristocracy, causing a civil war. The piazza is bounded on the east by the Royal Palace and on the west by the church of San Francesco di Paola, with the colonnades extending on both sides. [136] Four public elevators are in operation in the city: within the bridge of Chiaia, in via Acton, near the Sanità Bridge,[137] and in the Ventaglieri Park, accompanied by two public escalators.[138]. Daniela Giampaola, Francesca Longobardo (2000). Serena also starred in the 1912 film Romeo and Juliet. [129] Services are also available to destinations further afield, such as Sicily, Sardinia, Ponza and the Aeolian Islands. The city's best known football club is SSC Napoli, which plays its home games at the Stadio San Paolo in Fuorigrotta. Naples' wider metropolitan area, sometimes known as Greater Naples, has a population of approximately 4.4 million. La canzone. 'O Regno 'e Napule (nomme ufficiale: Regno 'e Sicilia citeriore) è 'o nomme cu cui è canusciuto nu stato indipendente, ca esisteva tra 'o XIII e 'o XIX seculo e ca currispunneva a ll'attuale reggione 'e ll'Italia meridiunale, 'ncluse Abruzzo e parte d"o Lazzio, ma cca lassava fore 'a Sicilia. [52], During the time of Ferdinand IV, the effects of the French Revolution were felt in Naples: Horatio Nelson, an ally of the Bourbons, even arrived in the city in 1798 to warn against the French republicans. The gallery features paintings from the 13th to the 18th centuries, including major works by Simone Martini, Raphael, Titian, Caravaggio, El Greco, Jusepe de Ribera and Luca Giordano. The city received extensive post-1945 reconstruction work. Philosopher Giordano Bruno, who theorised the existence of infinite solar systems and the infinity of the entire universe, completed his studies at University of Naples. Napule è Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. This system, or one very similar to it, has been in place since the invasion of Italy by Napoleonic forces in 1808. 29. The continental influence still ensures summer highs averaging near 30 °C (86 °F), and Naples falls within the subtropical climate range with summer daily means above 22 °C (72 °F) with hot days, warm nights and occasional summer thunderstorms. The 2008 film Gomorrah, based on the book by Roberto Saviano, explores the dark underbelly of the city of Naples through five intertwining stories about the powerful Neapolitan crime syndicate, as well as the TV series of the same name. 3. A revolution led by the local fisherman Masaniello saw the creation of a brief independent Neapolitan Republic in 1647, though this lasted only a few months before Spanish rule was reasserted. [140] This originated as a meal of the poor, but under Ferdinand IV it became popular among the upper classes: famously, the Margherita pizza was named after Queen Margherita of Savoy after her visit to the city. In 1839, Naples became the first city on the Italian peninsula to have a railway, with the construction of the Naples–Portici railway. On 14 October 2008, a regional law was enacted by Campania which has the effect that the use of the Neapolitan language is protected. Naples has played an important role in the history of Western European art music for more than four centuries. [123] The A16 is nicknamed the autostrada dei Due Mari ("Motorway of the Two Seas") because it connects the Tyrrhenian Sea to the Adriatic Sea.[124]. The first written testimonies of the Italian language are the Placiti Cassinensi legal documents, dated 960 A.D., preserved in the Monte Cassino Abbey, which are in fact evidence of a language spoken in a southern dialect. Naples is the seat of the Archdiocese of Naples, and Catholicism is highly important to the populace[citation needed]; there are hundreds of churches in the city. Sorrento and the Amalfi Coast are situated south of the city, while the Roman ruins of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis and Stabiae, which were destroyed in the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, are also visible nearby. As response to these problems the government prompted since 1852 a radically transformation of the city called risanamento with the objective of improving the sewerage infrastructure and replacing the most clustered areas with large and airy avenues as this was considered the main cause of insalubrity. Piscinola-Marianella [136] Four public elevators are in operation in the city: within the bridge of Chiaia, in via Acton, near the Sanità Bridge,[137] and in the Ventaglieri Park, accompanied by two public escalators.[138]. The city's best known football club is SSC Napoli, which plays its home games at the Stadio San Paolo in Fuorigrotta. Its construction was begun by the Bonapartist king Joachim Murat and finished by the Bourbon king Ferdinand IV. Naples is well known for its sweet dishes, including colourful gelato, which is similar to ice cream, though more fruit-based. Naples was greatly respected by the Romans as a paragon of Hellenistic culture. [110][111] The San Pietro a Maiella music conservatory is the city's foremost institution of musical education; the earliest Neapolitan music conservatories were founded in the 16th century under the Spanish. [10] It was also an important centre of humanism and Enlightenment. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Soccavo The city's main railway station is Napoli Centrale, which is located in Piazza Garibaldi; other significant stations include the Napoli Campi Flegrei[125] and Napoli Mergellina. The team has also won the UEFA Cup,[177] and once named FIFA Player of the Century Diego Maradona among its players. [43], Sicily and Naples were separated in 1458, but remained dependencies of Aragon under Ferdinand I. [40], In 1282, after the Sicilian Vespers, the Kingdom of Sicily was divided into two. Poet Salvatore Di Giacomo was one of the most famous writers in the Neapolitan dialect, and many of his poems were adapted to music, becoming famous Neapolitan songs. According to different sources, Naples' metropolitan area is either the second-most-populated metropolitan area in Italy after Milan (with 4,434,136 inhabitants according to Svimez Data)[101] or the third (with 3.1 million inhabitants according to the OECD). Poet and philosopher Giacomo Leopardi visited the city in 1837 and then died there. [90][91] The climate and fertility of the Gulf of Naples made the region famous during Roman times, when emperors such as Claudius and Tiberius holidayed near the city. Following the decline of the Western Roman Empire, Naples was captured by the Ostrogoths, a Germanic people, and incorporated into the Ostrogothic Kingdom. Several of Naples' mid-19th-century porcelain factories remain active today. Occupying a 19th-century palazzo renovated by the Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza, the Museo d'Arte Contemporanea Donnaregina (MADRE) features an enfilade procession of permanent installations by artists such as Francesco Clemente, Richard Serra, and Rebecca Horn. [83] During the miracle, which thousands of Neapolitans flock to witness, the dried blood of Januarius is said to turn to liquid when brought close to holy relics said to be of his body. The rectangular grid layout of the ancient Greek foundation of Neapolis is still discernible and has indeed continued to provide the basic form for the present-day urban fabric of the Historic Centre of Naples, one of the foremost Mediterranean port cities. In 1194 Henry started his second campaign upon the death of Tancred, but this time Aligerno surrendered without resistance, and finally Henry conquered Sicily, putting it under the rule of Hohenstaufens. [99] Naples has a higher percentage of females (52.5%) than males (47.5%). Maritime features moderate the winters but cause occasionally heavy rainfall, particularly in the Autumn and Winter months while summers are quite similar to inland areas much further north in the country with high temperatures and humidity. 30. Other prominent universities in Naples include the Parthenope University of Naples, the private Istituto Universitario Suor Orsola Benincasa, and the Jesuit Theological Seminary of Southern Italy. Naples is one of the most ancient cities in Europe, whose contemporary urban fabric preserves the elements of its long and eventful history. Mercato When the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was restored, the system was kept in place with members of the nobility filling mayoral roles. Naples' streets are famously narrow (it was the first city in the world to set up a pedestrian one-way street),[126] so the general public commonly use compact hatchback cars and scooters for personal transit. Naples has appeared in episodes of TV serials such as The Sopranos and the 1998 version of The Count of Monte Cristo, starring Gérard Depardieu. The traditional Neapolitan flip coffee pot, known as the cuccuma or cuccumella, was the basis for the invention of the espresso machine, and also inspired the Moka pot. [31][32], The duchy was under the direct control of the Lombards for a brief period, after the capture by Pandulf IV of the Principality of Capua, a long-term rival of Naples; however, this regime lasted only three years before the Greco-Roman-influenced dukes were reinstated. 10. Another important park is the Parco Virgiliano, which looks towards the tiny volcanic islet of Nisida; beyond Nisida lie Procida and Ischia. [76] It had also been the prison for Empress Constance between 1191 and 1192 after her being captured by Sicilians, and Conradin and Giovanna I of Naples before their executions. [7] In the 6th century BC, it was refounded as Neápolis. Naples hosts also the Astronomical Observatory of Capodimonte, established in 1812 by the king Joachim Murat and the astronomer Federigo Zuccari,[114] the oldest marine zoological study station in the world, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, created in 1872 by German scientist Anton Dohrn, and the world's oldest permanent volcano observatory, the Vesuvius Observatory, founded in 1841. They also destroyed the city archives. : "testa") which in Naples indicates a large terracotta jar used to cultivate shrubs and little trees. The economy of the area formerly known as the Two Sicilies declined, leading to an unprecedented wave of emigration,[56] with an estimated 4 million people emigrating from the Naples area between 1876 and 1913. The history of how this song was born was dramatised in the eponymous comedy movie "Ninì Tirabusciò: la donna che inventò la mossa" starring Monica Vitti.